The project draws from both the Nanjing Adolescent and Nanjing MetroBaby study, which are longitudinal, mix-methods studies with over 1200 Chinese families and children starting at 7th grade for the adolescent study and birth for the MetroBaby study. The project is a collaboration among New York University (NYU), NYU-Shanghai, University of Pennsylvania, and Southeast University in China. We are interested in how the changing social, economic, and cultural context influences Chinese parents' parenting practices and children’s development. The project is currently engaged in collecting a ten-year follow-up from the MetroBaby project. Ongoing research papers under development include examining Chinese mothers’ gender socialization, adolescents' gender beliefs and their academic achievements, Chinese fathers’ parenting style and children’s friendship quality, parents' workplace climate and families' mental health.

Team Members


Fong, V. L., Zhang, C., Kim, S. W., Yoshikawa, H., Way, N., Chen, X., ... & Deng, H. (2012). Gender Role Expectations and Chinese Mothers’ Aspirations for their Toddler Daughters’ Future Independence and Excellence. In Chinese Modernity and the Individual Psyche (pp. 89-117). Palgrave Macmillan US.

Jia, Y., Way, N., Ling, G., Yoshikawa, H., Chen, X., Hughes, D., ... & Lu, Z. (2009). The influence of student perceptions of school climate on socioemotional and academic adjustment: A comparison of Chinese and American adolescents. Child development, 80(5), 1514-1530.

Way, N., Okazaki, S., Zhao, J., Kim, J. J., Chen, X., Yoshikawa, H., ... & Deng, H. (2013). Social and emotional parenting: Mothering in a changing Chinese society. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 4(1), 61.

won Kim, S., Fong, V. L., Yoshikawa, H., Way, N., Chen, X., Deng, H., & Lu, Z. (2010). Income, work preferences and gender roles among parents of infants in urban China: A mixed method study from Nanjing. The China Quarterly, 204, 939-959.

Gupta, T., Way, N., McGill, R. K., Hughes, D., Santos, C., Jia, Y., ... & Deng, H. (2013). Gender‐Typed Behaviors in Friendships and Well‐Being: A Cross‐Cultural Study of Chinese and American Boys. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 23(1), 57-68.

Yoshikawa, H., Way, N., & Chen, X. (2012). Large‐scale economic change and youth development: The case of urban China. New directions for youth development, 2012(135), 39-55.


Yang, R., Zhang, C., Way, N., Yoshikawa, H., Okazaki, S., & Chen, X. (2015). Urban Chinese mothers’ beliefs about gender under changing social and economic context. Poster presented at Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Yang, R., Zhang, C., Way, N., Yoshikawa, H., Okazaki, S., & Chen, X. (2014). Urban Chinese mothers’ beliefs about boys and girls in a time of rapid social change. Poster presented at the International Society for the Study of Behavioral Development Convention. Shanghai, China.

Yang, R., Zhang, C., Way, N., Yoshikawa, H., Okazaki, S., & Chen, X. (2014). Urban Chinese mothers’ beliefs about boys and girls under changing economic and social context. Poster presented at Gender Development Psychology Conference. San Francisco, California.

Zhou, Y. (2016). Fathers’ Parenting Practices and Adolescents’ Psychosocial Adjustment in Mainland China: A Cluster Analysis Approach. Symposium at the 16th Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence. Baltimore, Maryland.