The focus of our work on gender socialization examines how mothers’ socialize gender with their children and adolescents and draws from a five-year longitudinal mixed-method study of 250 Black, Latino, Asian, and White mothers and children in the U.S. and a ten-year longitudinal mixed-method study of over 1200 mothers and children in Nanjing, China. We aim to examine: (1) how mothers both accommodate and resist mainstream messages about being a girl or a boy with their daughters and sons;  and (2) the variation in strategies of socialization by age, nationality, ethnicity, gender, and other social identities of their children.

Team Members

  • Niobe Way
  • Esther Sin
  • Anna Bennet
  • Nikole Grulla
  • Sara H. Kazi
  • Susan Rydz
  • Katie Deangelis
  • Albert Shen
  • Yoojin Lee
  • Daisy Song
  • Katie Semple
  • Stephanie Steinberg


McFadden, K. E., Way, N., & Hughes, D. L. (under review). Mothers endorsement of gender-typed values and activities and its academic correlates among adolescents. Sex Roles. (Books and Publications: Forthcoming Publications) 2016


Sin, E.J., Rydz, S., Grulla, N., Bennet, A., Kazi, S.H., & Way, N. (2016, April). Mothers’ socialization of gender with adolescent daughters: A qualitative study. Poster presented at the 2016 Society for Research on Adolescence Biennial Meeting, Baltimore, MD.