Resistance Among Youth

The Resistance Among Youth (RAY) project draws from the adolescent project at the Center for Research on Culture, Development, and Education (CRCDE) that examines, among many topics, the impact of micro (e.g., peers, schools, neighborhoods) and macro forces (e.g., cultural stereotypes, racism, sexism, homophobia) on human development. The focus of the RAY team, in particular, is  the ways people accommodate to and resist to cultural stereotypes in the construction of their identities and relationships.  Our adolescent sample includes interviews collected in 6th, 8th, and 11th grade. We are also interested in how mothers resist and accommodate to cultural stereotypes in the raising of their children.

Team Members

  • Niobe Way

  • Onnie Rogers

  • Rui Yang

  • Esther Sin

  • Anna Bennet

  • Angelica Puzio

  • Sohini Das

  • Alexis Carrion


Doctoral Student Dissertations

Taveeshi Gupta, 2015

PhD, Developmental Psychology | New York University | New York, NY

Dissertation: Mother Gender Socialization: A longitudinal, Mixed-Method Analysis in India. 

Erika Niwa, 2012

PhD, Developmental Psychology | New York University | New York, NY

Dissertation: The Impact of Ethnic and Racial Discrimination on the Social and Psychological Adjustment of Early Adolescents: A Mixed-Method, Longitudinal Study 

Onnie Rogers, 2012

PhD, Developmental Psychology | New York University | New York, NY

Dissertation: Young, Black and Male: Exploring the Intersections of Racial and Gender Identity in An All-Black, All-Male High School.

Carlos Santos,  2010

PhD, Developmental Psychology | New York University | New York, NY

Dissertation: The Missing Story: Resistance to Norms of Masculinity in the Friendships of Middle School Boys.


Publications

In Progress

*Rogers, O. & Way, N. (In press). “I have goals to prove all those people wrong and not fit into any one of those boxes”: Paths of resistance to stereotypes among Black adolescent males.  Journal of Adolescent Research

Rogers, L. O., Niwa, E. Y., & Way, N. (forthcoming). The friendships of racial-ethnic minority adolescents in context: Identity and discrimination. Invited chapter in N. Cabrera & B. Leyendecker (Eds.) Handbook of Positive Development of Minority Children. The Netherlands: Springer.

Way, N. & Rogers, L. O. (forthcoming). Resistance to dehumanization: A developmental process. Invited chapter in N. Nasir, C. Wainryb, & E. Turiel (Eds.), Jean Piaget Society. Advancing conceptualizations of social development. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.

Niwa, E.Y., & Way, N. (in prep). Ethnic and racial stereotypes and discrimination among ethnically diverse early adolescents: A qualitative study, Manuscript in preparation for submission to Youth & Society.

2016

Niwa, E. Y., Rogers, L. O., & Way, N. (2016). An ecological model of peer relationships. Invited chapter in L. Balter & C.Tamis-LeMonda (Eds.), Child Psychology: A Handbook of Contemporary Issues, 3rd ed. New York: Taylor & Francis/Psychology Press.

2015

Rogers, L. O., Scott, M. A., & Way, N. (2015). Racial and gender identity development among Black adolescent males: An intersectionality perspective. Child Development, 86, 407-424.

Rogers, L. O., & Way, N. (2015). “I have goals to prove all those people wrong and not fit into any one of those boxes”: Paths of resistance to stereotypes among Black adolescent males. Journal of Adolescent Research, 1-36.

Rogers, L. O., & Way, N. (2015). Semi-structured interviews and adolescent racial-ethnic identity development. Invited chapter in C. E. Santos & A. Umaña-Taylor (Eds.) Studying Ethnic Identity: Methodological Advances and Consideration for Future Research (pp. 195-230). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

2014

*Rogers, O., Scott, M., Way, N. (2014). Racial and gender identity among black adolescent males: An intersectionality perspective. Child Development, Vol 84.

Way, N., *Cressen, J., *Preston, J., *Bodian, S., *Nelson, J. & Hughes, D. (2014). “It might be nice to be a girl, then you wouldn’t have to be emotionless”: Boys’ resistance to norms of masculinity during adolescence. Psychology of Men and Masculinity. 

Way, N., & Rogers, L. O. (2014). “[T]hey say Black men won’t make it, but I know I’m gonna make it”: Identity development in the context of cultural stereotypes. Chapter in M. Syed & K. McLean (Eds.) Oxford handbook of identity development (pp. 269-285). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

2013

Way, N.,  *Hernandez, M., *Rogers, O.,& Hughes, D. (2013) People think I am a nerd: Stereotypes as a context for identity development. The Journal of Adolescent Research.

Way, N., Hernández, M. G., Rogers, L. O., & Hughes, D. L. (2013). “I’m not going to become no rapper”: Stereotypes as a context of ethnic and racial identity development. Journal of Adolescent Research, 28, 407- 430.

Way, N. (2013) Boys’ Friendships: Intimacy, Desire, and Loss.  Journal of Research on Adolescence. 

2012

Way, N. (2012). Boys’ Friendships. Thymos: Journal of Boyhood Studies

2011

Santos, C. E. (2011). A developmental-cultural perspective on boys’ friendships and emotionality. [Review of the book Deep secrets: Boys’ friendships and the crisis of connection]. Sex Roles, 65(5-6), 444-445.

Way, N., Santos, C. E., & Cordero, A. (2011). "Sometimes you need to spill your heart out to somebody”: Close friendships among Latino adolescent boys. In N. Cabrera, F.A. Villarruel, & H.E. Fitzgerald (Eds.), Latina and Latino Children’s Mental Health, Volume 1: Development and Context (pp. 169-193). Santa Barbara: Praeger Press. Reprinted in P. Noguera, A. Hurtado, & E. Fergus (Eds., 2011), Invisible No More: Understanding the Disenfranchisement of Latino Men and Boys (pp. 255-276). New York: Routledge.

2009

*Chu, J.Y, & Way, N. (2009). Presence in Relationship: A New Construct for UnderstandingAdolescent Friendships and Psychological Health. Thymos: Journal of Boyhood Studies, 3(1), 50—73.

2008

Way, N., Santos, C., Niwa, E. Y. and Kim-Gervey, C. (2008). To be or not to be: An exploration of ethnic identity development in context. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 120, 61–79. 


Presentations

2019 (Upcoming)

Das, S., Puzio, A., Bennet, A., & Way, N. (2019, March). Accommodation and Resistance to Norms of Femininity in Adolescent Girl’s Friendship Experiences. Poster to be presented at Biennial Meeting for Society for Research on Child Development. Baltimore, MD.

Puzio, A., Bennet, A., Way, N., Carrion, A., & Das, S. (2019, March). Trajectories of Hesitant Language Use Among Black, Latina, Chinese, and White Adolescent Girls. Poster to be presented at Biennial Meeting for Society for Research on Child Development. Baltimore, MD.

2015

Rogers, L. O. (2015, March). “We’re not colored, we’re just a different color”: Black and White children’s conceptions of racial identity during elementary school.  Poster presented at biennial meeting for Society for Research on Child Development.Philadelphia, PA.

Gupta, T., Way, N., & Sirin, S. (2015, May). Mother Gender Socialization and it's association with Psychological Well-being and Academic Performance: A longitudinal analysis with Urban Indian adolescents. Chair of paper symposium at the annual conference of the Association for Psychological Science in New York City, NY.

2013

Rogers, L. O. (2013, March). Black males narrating identities and stereotypes in an all-Black male high school. In S. Sirin (Chair),Negotiating cultural identities among youth. Paper presented at biennial meeting for Society for Research on Child Development. Seattle, WA.

Niwa, E.Y., Way, N., & Hughes, D. (2013, April). Being the bull’s eye: The role of stereotypes in early adolescents’ narratives of ethnic-racial discrimination. Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Child Development, Seattle, WA.

Gupta, T., Way, N., McFadden, K.E., & Hughes, D. (2013, May). An In-depth Analysis of Mothers' Direct and Indirect Gender Socialization During Adolescence. Poster presented at the annual convention of the Association for Psychological Science in Washington D.C. 

2012

Rogers, L. O. (2012, February). Intersectionality in context: Racial and gender identity in an all-Black male high school.  In L. Rogers (Chair), The Intersections of Identity in Context: Empirical Studies of Race, Gender, Social Class, and Sexuality Among Black Adolescents.  Paper presented at the SRCD Themed Meeting: Positive Development of Minority Children, Tampa, Florida.

Gupta, T., & Way, N. (2012, March). Understanding Gender Socialization in International Contexts: Measuring Parent & Peer Gender Socialization for Indian Adolescents. Poster presented at the biennial conference of the Society for Research on Adolescence in Vancouver, Canada.

2011

Santos, C., Way, N., & Hughes, D. (2011). Racially and Ethnically Diverse Boys’ Trajectories of Academic Engagement and Resistance to Norms of Masculinity during Middle School. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Montreal, QC.

Gupta. T., Way, N., McGill, R. K., Santos, C., & Hughes, D. (2011). Masculinity Beliefs and Psychological Well-Being across USA and China: Results from a Cross-Cultural Analysis. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Montreal, QC.

Rogers, L. O. (2011, April). The intersections of gender, race, and sexuality: Black adolescent males' narratives of masculinity. In J. Nelson and N. Way (Chairs), Complicating Masculinity in International Contexts: Race, Gender, Sexuality, Psychological Well-Being, and Academic Engagement. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Child Development, Montreal, Canada.

Rogers, L. O. (2011, April). Does the function of racial and gender identity shift during the transition into an all-black, all-male high school? In L. Rogers and M. Hernandez (Chairs), Constructing Identities in Context: The Role of Schools in Adolescent Identity Development. Paper presented at biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Child Development, Montreal, Canada.

2010

Niwa, E., & Santos, C. (2010). Examining the Intersections of Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in Identity Development: Methodological Challenges and Opportunities. Panel presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Philadelphia, PA.

Santos, C., & Niwa, E. (2010). Resistance to Stereotypes of Masculinity: Examining Intersections of Race, Ethnicity and Gender. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Philadelphia, PA.

Santos, C. (2010). The Role of Family and Peer Support in Fostering Boys’ Resistance to Gender Stereotypes: Evidence of Sibling Effects. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Philadelphia, PA.

Gupta, T., Way, N., Santos, C., Mukherjee, P., & Hughes, D. (2010). Male Gender Norms across India, China & U.S.A. and Links to Psychological Well Being: A Cross-Cultural Analysis. Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Philadelphia, PA.

Rogers, L. O. & Nelson, J. (2010, March). Masculinity when no girls are watching: Black adolescent males’ experiences in all-male schools. Poster presented at biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Philadelphia, PA.

Rogers, L. O. (2010, March). The intersections of race and gender in an all-Black male school: Black adolescent males’ identities and psychological well-being. In. E. Niwa and C. Santos (Chairs), Exploring the Intersections of Race, Ethnicity and Gender in Identity Development: Methodological Challenges and Possibilities. Paper presented at biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Adolescence, Philadelphia, PA.

Rogers, L. O. (2010, April). Gender identity in an all-Black male high school: Multidimensionality and psychological well-being. Poster presented at the biennial Gender Development Research Conference, San Francisco, CA.

Rogers, L. O. (2010, July). Intersecting identities and adjustment: Racial and gender identity among Black adolescent males. Paper presented at the annual Black Graduate Conference for Students in Psychology, Baltimore, MD.

2009

Santos, C. (2009). Resisting Stereotypes: Exploring the Relationships of Racially and Ethnically Diverse Adolescent Boys. Panel presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Denver, CO.

Santos, C., Way, N., Adams, C., & Smith, E. (2009). Longitudinal Patterns in Middle School Boys’ Depression and Adherence to Norms of Masculinity in Friendships. Poster presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, ON.

Santos, C., Way, N., Levy, D., Gupta, T., Marques, T., & Silverman, L. (2009). Beyond the Machismo Paradigm: Puerto Rican Boys’ Narratives of Friendships. Paper presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Denver, CO.

Rogers, L. O., Way, N., Folberth, W., Khan, G., & Harris, R. (2009, April). Resisting hypermasculine stereotypes: Intimacy and desire in Black boys' same-sex friendships. In C. Santos (Chair), Resisting stereotypes: Exploring the relationships of racially/ethnically diverse adolescent boys. Paper presented at biennial meeting of the Society for Research on Child Development, Denver, CO.

Gupta T., & Way, N. (2009, April). Exploring gender role socialization in the context of globalization for urban Indian adolescents. Paper presented at the Asian American Center on Disparities Research Satellite Workshop in New York City, New York.

Gupta, T., Way, N., Santos, C., Mukherjee, P., & Hughes, D. (2009, March). Male Gender Norms across India, China & USA and Their Link to Psychological Well Being– A Cross-Cultural Analysis. Poster presented at the biennial conference of the Society for Research on Adolescence in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

2007

Santos, C. (2007). Patterns of Adherence to Norms of Masculinity in the Peer Relationships of Adolescent Boys. Paper presented at the 7th Annual Cross-University Collaborative Mentoring Conference, New York, NY.

Santos, C., Way, N., & Hughes, D. (2007). Patterns of Adherence to Norms of Masculinity in the Peer Relationships of Racially and Ethnically Diverse Adolescent Boys. Poster presented at the biennial meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development, Boston, MA. 


Invited Talks

Santos, C. (2011). Boys’ Resistance to Stereotypes of Masculinity in Friendships: An Individual Growth Modeling Study. Pamela Turbeville Speaker Series, Frances McClelland Institute: Children, Youth, and Families, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

Santos, C. (2009). The Development of Early Adolescent Boys’ Gender Stereotypic Attitudes and Beliefs in Relationships: Implications for Well Being. Centre for Gender Studies, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, U.K.

Santos, C. (2008). Resistance and Accommodation to Norms of Masculinity: A Mixed-Methods Longitudinal Study of Urban Boys’ Friendships. Man Enough: An Interdisciplinary Colloquium on Masculinity, New York University, New York, NY.